Barley is an important cereal plant whose grains are used as malt and feed. Although it is one of the most important cultural plants in prehistoric times, it is one of the plants with economic importance.


Wheat is a herbaceous perennial herb that has been treated from the whole family of buckwheat. It prefers continental climate. It is the second most cultivated grain in the world along with corn. Rice follows them. Wheat; Flour is an essential nutrient used in feed production. The peel can be separated or grinded with its peel. Wheat is also grown as a feed ingredient for farm animals. After the harvest, straw bales come out as waste products.


Grain corn is the most important grain used as an energy supplement in the rations of farm animals. Considering it as a standard grain, grain corn is a tasty and poor energy source in terms of raw cellulose. In addition, since corn does not contain an important anti nutritive substance, it can be used in animal feeding with a minimum of processing. While ruminant animals effectively consume whole, slightly crushed, crushed or cooked (flake) processed maize, poultry consume it after bringing the corn to a certain particle size. It is also used in corn, fish and pet animal rations.


Rye is a grain plant from the Poaceae family. It is a cereal plant from the buckwheat family. Rye, which is the most resistant grain to cold, likes high places, sandy and loose soils. Usually the height of 1-2 meters is similar to barley. Grains are thinner than wheat, narrows are narrower and their bones are very short.


Oat is an agricultural plant grown for its abundant starchy grains (seeds). This grain, which is mostly used as animal feed, is also used in the nutrition of people. A field of oats can be easily distinguished from the rest thanks to its clustered spike ears, which are not like wheat or barley spike. Each of the spikelets at the ends of the perverts contain two or three seeds. Two (or all three) of these seeds, which are covered in an outer sheath (inner melon), encircle two leaves (outer melon) again.