The seed of the sunflower plant. It is a feed ingredient containing approximately 44% crude fat, 19.6% crude protein and 16.5% acid detergent fiber, as it can be fed directly to the animals, and its pulp can be used in rations as a source of protein after fat removal.
In ecological canola agriculture, the importance of seed is very important. In the production of edible vegetable oil, canola seeds that do not contain erucic acid and glucomonalate should be used. Farmers should never separate their harvest from seeds. Because the canola plant is hybridized with wild mustard species up to 50%, when the harvested product is planted as a seed in the second year, the ratio of erucic acid in the oil of the harvested product and the pulp glucose will increase. Certified seeds are produced every year and must be purchased by the producers.
Raw soybean is the most important product in the world and it is a product with many different agricultural and industrial uses. Raw soybean cannot be used as animal feed or human food due to the anti-nutritive substances it contains at different levels. These anti-nutritive agents are phyto-hema glutins such as trypsin inhibitors, chymotrypsin inhibitors, urease and lectin. These anti nutritive factors negatively affect the digestion of raw soybeans in the animal stomach. Appropriate heat treatment is applied to eliminate or minimize these negative effects, and the harmful substances in question are inactivated or lowered. Since these inhibitors are proteins themselves, care is taken to prevent structural degradation of proteins in soybean grain. Therefore, optimum processing and quality control measurements need to be handled carefully in raw soybean processing.
This oil, which is obtained from the seeds of the plant and used in dyeing, tarp making and sometimes used in food industries, is called linseed or linseed oil. Linseed oil is the highest quality and highest active oil among the vegetable oils. Flaxseed oil contains omega – 3 fatty acids. The pulp remaining after the seeds of the plant are crushed and degreased becomes a valuable animal feed. The fibers obtained from the body of flax are also used in weaving to make the flax yarn considered acceptable.